Basically, under Virginia health care law, every adult of sound mind has the right to say what can be done to his or her body. Everyone can accept or refuse any type of medical treatment that is offered, it is up to them. Also under Virginia law (the Healthcare Decisions Act), if an individual is not able to make their preferences for treatment known, they may sign a document that indicates what they wish to happen in the event they are not able to communicate their preferences. Generally, this document is referred to as an advanced directive and will be developed in one of two ways.
The first type of directive is often referred to as a living will and will contain information about how you are to be taken care of in the event you have a terminal condition and will address whether or not you want life prolonging measures to be taken.
The second type of directive is often referred to as a power of attorney for healthcare will also allow you to appoint someone to make medical decisions for you. For the second type of directive you do not have a terminal condition, it may just be for a specified period of time that you are in need of someone to assist you with making medical decisions. Also, the advance directive does not have to be in writing, you can communicate your wishes orally.
Also, some other information on Virginia health care law, based on Virginia law domestic partners are not allowed to give consent for a partner who may be incapacitated. However, Virginia law requires that all licensed hospitals in the state must permit adult patients to receive visits from any individual, including a same sex partner or spouse.